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Not All Nail Fungi are the Same – Know the Different Types of Nail Fungus

Not All Nail Fungi are the Same – Know the Different Types of Nail Fungus

Most people think that all nail fungal infections are the same because they seem to affect toenails the same way.

But in fact, there are different types of nail fungal infections caused by various types of fungus. The four most common types are:

  1. Distal Lateral Subungual Onychomycosis. This is the most common type of nail fungal infection that typically affects the tip of the nail and under the nail plate. It usually causes the nail to turn yellow, thicken, and crumble.
  1. Proximal White Subungual Onychomycosis. This less common form of nail fungus affects the part of the nail under the nail plate. As its name suggests, it turns this part of the nail white and opaque.
  1. White Superficial Onychomycosis. This type of nail fungal infection is caused by fungi that have infected the top layers of the toenail. It causes white and opaque patches on the top layers of the nail that eventually spreads to the entire nail if left untreated.
  1. Candida Onychomycosis. A rare form of nail fungal infection caused by the Candida yeast. This is often observed in fingernails rather than toenails, and it is typically associated with medical conditions where the body’s immune system is weakened or compromised.


Treatment Options

Just as there are different types of nail fungi, there are also different ways to treat nail fungal infections. The most common treatment options include:

  • Topical treatments. This is often the first line of treatment for minor infections and less severe cases. The downside is that this treatment solution often requires continuous application over a long period. It’s also less effective for severe cases and infections.
  • Antifungal medication. This often comes in the form of oral antifungal drugs and is usually taken over a period of several weeks. Success depends on the severity of the infection and the type of fungus causing it. However, antifungal drugs have known side effects that can make them unsuitable for some patients.
  • PACT fungal nail treatment. PACT®, which stands for Photodynamic Antimicrobial Therapy, is a revolutionary nail fungal treatment that uses a photosensitive agent, light, and oxygen to kill fungi in nails. This procedure has no known contra-indications for most people, and sessions are quick and painless. This makes PACT® an excellent alternative to other treatment options.


Need a Consultation?

If you have a nail fungal infection and want to get rid of it as soon as possible, don’t hesitate to book a consultation with our podiatrist to have it checked and treated.

We’ll determine your best treatment option based on the severity of your nail fungal infection, your health, and your lifestyle. You can also contact us if you have any questions or enquiries.

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