A hammer toe deformity causes your toe to bend or curl downward instead of pointing forward. This deformity can affect any toe on your foot. It most often affects the second or third toe. It usually develops over time due to arthritis, muscular imbalances, wearing ill-fitting shoes, such as tight, pointed heels.
The most common causes of hammer toe are:
- injury to the toe
- an unusually high foot arch
- wearing tight and ill-fitting footwear
- Muscular imbalances leading to some muscles over-powering weaking muscles.
- Pressure from bunions causing your big toe to overlap the 2nd digit
Hammer toes can be treated by a variety of methods depending upon the severity and the amount of correction required or requested by the patient. For mild cases of hammer toe. Orthotics and splints are the common interventions. For rigid deformities or full realignment of the toe, surgery is the only intervention to fully correct the deformity where the deformed or injured bone is removed and realign with your tendons and joints.